Tops and Bottoms
Tops and Bottoms
Genre: Trickster Tale
Adapted and Illustrated By: Janet Stevens
When good readers read aloud, they know which words to emphasize to add meaning to the text. Understanding the text helps readers know which words to stress. Punctuation and italics can also help readers know which words and phrases to stress.
Reading of Tops and Bottoms
Target Skill: Theme
A story's theme is its overall message or lesson about life. Understanding the theme can show what message the author wants readers to understand. Authors usually don't tell readers exactly what the theme of a story is. Instead, readers must think about the characters and events of a story to draw a conclusion about the story's theme.
Target Skill: Point of View
Point of view is how and author, reader, narrator, or story character thinks or feels about the events of a story.
Readers may have different points of view about as story from its characters, from its author, or even from one another. It is important for readers to distinguish among these different points of view when thinking about the story or when answering or asking questions that refer to the text.
An idiom is an expression with a special meaning different from the usual meaning of the individual words.
Most languages have idioms, or special expressions.
Idioms cannot be understood from the literal meaning of the words themselves.
risky - dangerous
profit - the amount of money left after the costs of doing business is subtracted from the amount of money earned
plucked - pulled off or out quickly
tugged - pulled strongly
grunted - made a short, low sound in the back of the throat
crops - plants that are grown especially those grown for food
scowled - made an angry racial expression
hollered - yelled
Homophones - Between the Lions
Why is it important to grow food crops?
Target Strategy: Visualize
Pay attention to descriptive details in the text. The details will help you visualize, or picture, the characters, places, and events of the story. Descriptive details are words that tell how something looks, sounds, smells, tastes, or feels. Visualizing the characters, setting, and actions of a story can help you better enjoy and understand your reading.
Variety of Idioms
Words Ending in -er and -le
Multiple Syllable Words with -le